The oral and maxillofacial surgery residency enables oral and maxillofacial surgeons to perform a wide variety of procedures in both an office setting and a hospital environment. These four to six year residencies incorporate extensive training in anesthesia administration, including local anesthesia, nitrous oxide, intravenous sedation and general anesthesia, all of which the surgeon may appropriately, competently and safely administer in the oral and maxillofacial surgery office to meet the unique requirements of the patient and the procedure. Office-based surgery is often the most efficient and cost effective way to perform many procedures while maintaining maximum patient comfort and safety. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to perform the following treatments and procedures:
• Reconstructive surgery to address hard and soft tissue injuries in the upper and/or lower jaws resulting from injury or trauma, tumor surgery or long-term denture wear.
• Dental implant placement to replace a single tooth, several teeth or an entire mouthful of teeth. Dental implants offer a long-lasting, comfortable and functional alternative to conventional dentures.
• Diagnosis and treatment of infections in the maxillofacial region, which can develop into life-threatening emergencies if not treated promptly and effectively.
• Treatment and repair of injuries to the face, jaws, mouth and teeth caused by trauma. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are experts in treating trauma, including fractures of the upper and lower jaws and orbits, and the cosmetic management of facial lacerations.
• Surgical correction of oral and facial deformities caused by differences in skeletal growth between the upper and lower jaws; and congenital deformities like cleft lip and palate, which occur when all or a portion of the oral-nasal cavity does not grow together during fetal development.
• Their surgical and dental background and their ability to reconstruct facial structures damaged through trauma, enable oral and maxillofacial surgeons to perform facial cosmetic procedures on an outpatient basis in the oral and maxillofacial surgeon's office under local anesthesia, IV sedation or general anesthesia.